Góradże limestone quarry is located in south western part of Poland in Opole region in the vicinity of the highway A 4. Present area of excavation is 295 ha, the total area of deposit is 492 ha. Górażdże Quarry is one of the biggest limestone extraction sites in Poland. It supplies two plants with limestone: Górażdże cement plant and Górażdże lime plant.. Extraction is expected to span over 60 years, during which time around 230 million tonnes of limestone will be removed, both for production of cement and lime. Post ecxavation area are systematically afforested. More than 300 ha were afforested within last 25 years.
Type of fauna or species : Aquatic vegetation, rush , reedbeds, xerothermophilous swards, xerothermophilous shrubs, broad leaved forest ( beech wood).
The mining area of Górażdże and their closest surroundings in south west Poland have considerable rich vegetation and high plant diversity. This is a mosaic of different plant communities like forests, xerothermophilous swards and rock vegetation developing on natural as well as on anthropogenic outcrops of Triassic limestone. One of the dominant and very valuable vegetation type within the mining area are beech forests. In those plant association frequently occur very rare or endangered plant species like Epipactis microphylla, Cephalanthera rubra, Cephalanthera damasonium and Corallorhiza trifida. Also plants legally protected in Poland grow in beech tree stands, among others Melittis melissophyllum, Sorbus torminalis, Lilum martagon. Despite the mining activities and quarries exploitation, some of above mentioned species and also Primula veris have adapt to the new, anthropogenic habitats within the remediated, under reclamation or even under exploitation workings. The Górażdże quarry has became one of the most important habitat of Coronella austriaca in Poland – the threatened reptile species. Also many endangered and protected invertebrates was found in that excavation, e.g. butterflies: Cupido minimus and Boloria dia. During the reclamation procedure some water rerservoirs were created and within few years the interested aquatic plant have settled spontaneously, among others Potamogeton pusillus and Potamogeton pectinatus and also several amphibians were lured by the suitable biotop conditions: Hyla arborea or Triturus cristatus. The last species is protected by the Bern Convention and the Habitat Directive. There are also many species of protected nesting birds.